Connect with us


Gopala Dynasty – Kings List, Capital City, Nepal History, First & Last King , Timeline

Gopala Dynasty – Kings List, Capital City, Nepal History, First & Last King , Timeline are discussed here.

DynastyGopala Dynasty
FounderBhuktaman Gupta
CasteGope / Abheer / Ahirs
Medieval Period937 B,C. to 1525 B.C. period
Timeline505 years
First KingBhumi Gupta (Bhuktaman)
Last KingYaksha Gupta
Capital cityKathmandu Valley
List of Rulers1.Bhuktaman gupta
2.Jaya gupta
3.Parama gupta
4.Harsha gupta
5.Bhima gupta
6.Mani gupta
7.Vishnu gupta
8.Yakchhya gupta

Gopala Means – Gope ( An Yadav ) : Gopala Dynasty – Wikipedia

Gopala Dynasty (Gopal Bansha) was a first dynasty of Nepal founded by Gopa (Yadava) in the Kathmandu Valley. The Lunar dynasty is the origin of the Gopala. The Kings of Gopala Bansha ruled over Nepal for 505 years. It was replaced by rulers of Mahisapala dynasty. Both the Krishna and Mahisapalas have connections to the Gopalas.

Note : Kings of Gupta Empire of India were the decedents of Gopala Dynasty. Gupta is a word of Prakrit Language Which sanskrit meaning is gope.

There were eight kings of this dynasty Bhuktaman was the first and Yaksha Gupta was the last king.

Origin and History

Gopala Dynasty

According to legendary accounts, the early dynasty of Nepal was the Gopala Dynasty established by Gopa, who presumably ruled for about five centuries. They are said to have been followed by the Mahisapala dynasty. The Gopalas and the Mahisapalas were together known as Abhiras.

Another belief was that Gopalvamsi and Mahispalvamsi belonged to the same dynasty and they were divided into two on the basis of their profession. Amarakosha gives Abhira as synonym for Gopa.

Gopala Dynasty – List of Rulers

The 8 rulers of the Gopala dynasty include :

King of Gopal Dynasty

  • Bhuktamangupta
  • Jayagupta
  • Paramagupta
  • Harshagupta
  • Bhimagupta
  • Manigupta
  • Vishnugupta
  • Yakchhyagupta

Pashupatinath Temple

The Kings of Gopala Dynasty are credited with the Temple restoration of Vedic Deity Pashupatinath on the Pashupatinath volcanic mound in Nepal, which became the location of the Pashupatinath Temple.

The Kings of Gopala Dynasty were devotees of Lord Shiva.

Pashupatinath Temple
Pashupatinath Temple


Gopala Dynasty

Capital city of Gopal Dynasty

Capital city of Gopal Dynasty: Kathmandu Valley

Tourism in Nepal: A Profile /Yajna Raj Satyal / Gopala Dynasty
Pages of the Forgotten Past / Harirāma Jośī / Joshi Research Institute, 1998 – Nepal / Gopala Dynasty
Pages of the Forgotten Past / Harirāma Jośī / Joshi Research Institute, 1998 – Nepal /Gopala Dynasty
Pages of the Forgotten Past / Harirāma Jośī / Joshi Research Institute, 1998 – Nepal /Gopala Dynasty
A Short History of Nepal / Netra Bahadur Thapa / Kavita Shashi, 1962 – Nepal /Gopala Dynasty
A Short History of Nepal / Netra Bahadur Thapa / Kavita Shashi, 1962 – Nepal /Gopala Dynasty
The Nepalis in Assam: Ethnicity and Cross Border Movements in the North-East / Gopala Dynasty
Kingdom of Nepal / Ministry of Information & Communication, Department of Information, 1999 – Nepal/Gopala Dynasty
Gopala Dynasty
Gopala Dynasty

Gopal Dynasty (Bangsa) : Its History & Origin

 Gopal Dynasty 

It is a well-known fact that hundreds of states rise and fall on the world map with the rise of states. The flag of the existence of a state which was founded on a solid foundation and with a sufficient foundation has been flying for thousands of years till date. But the states that stood on weak foundations and which were manifested in excitement and excitement also disappeared from the map.

When analyzing the political existence of states, the overall basis has to be examined.Looking at only the part, its all-encompassing and meaningful result becomes difficult. An unbroken human chain is human history. The order of human civilization in a particular state is the basis of the ‘standard’ of civilization there.

However, archeological grounds and records are difficult, and future generations are deprived of knowing the glorious history of the place when the winners are only forced to celebrate their contributions.And, the historical side of the issue feels uncomfortable when other social groups in the country that have contributed to the formation of those states deny or overshadow the role of their ancestors.

The longer the history of a state or states, the longer its existence can be maintained. But it is not as easy to see things from afar as it is to see things from near. But politicians, scholars, historians must present their unbroken human civilization to their descendants in a fair manner.

In this context, the emergence of the state in Nepal has been done by distorting the fair contributions made in the history, due to which the existence of the state has sometimes been in crisis. On the one hand, some people are strongly presenting the issue of isolation of Madhes or the plains of the country through their one-sided study, while on the other hand, the current establishment or ruling class is trying to cover up the real history of Nepal and make its community play a small role through its praisers.

Some of the writers of Nepali history have presented the journey of Prithvinarayan Shah’s expansion of the kingdom in a special way (1801 BS) as if the state of Nepal was born from this and pretended to have spent all their energy on his success. Attempts have been made to put all the historical events before that period behind the scenes. While the state called Nepal had come into existence thousands of years ago.

Gopal dynasty and the state of Nepal

The book titled ‘Gopalraj Vanshavali’ and Gyanmani Nepal, P.D. Ramprasad Upadhyay, Dr. Most of the historians of Nepal, including Surendra KC, have accepted the fact that the Gopalvanshis are the founders of Nepal.The Kathmandu Valley is a pond and the entire valley of the valley has developed into a grassland after the water flowed from Chobhardanda.

When the herdsmen of the place entered the valley in search of suitable pastures for their animals and started living with their animals, the establishment of ‘Pashupatinath’, the naming of the state called ‘Nepal’, the beginning of the settlement system, etc.
Legends of Kali Gai ‘Ne’ Muni and ‘Gopal’ Sardar .

Legends of Kali Gai ‘Ne’ Muni and ‘Gopal’ Sardar

Seeing that Kaligai was always offering milk on a stone on the bank of the Bagmati, Gopal Sardar tried to excavate the stone and a supernatural light was generated and the Sardar was burnt there. Then his guru named ‘Ne’ gave the establishment of Pashupatinath to the son of that Sardar, the establishment of the state of Nepal.

He was initiated into the state system and started to establish settlements and was declared the ruler.

Gupta Surname and Gopal Dynasty:

Surnames of the Gopal Dynasties Most Nepali historians have written the Gopal Dynasty as ‘Gupta’. Gupta surnames usually belong to the Vaishya community, Yadav or Gopalvanshi surnames are often written as ‘Gop’ in the old days, so the surname should be ‘Gop’.

Historians who came to Nepal from Dwarika or Mathura at that time do not think it is logical to cross the Ganges and other big rivers and enter the valley instead. Facts historians have noted. Kushdhvaj, the brother of the twentieth king of the Videha Republic, Shirhakaj, is said to be of Nepali descent.

The then boundary of the state was extended to Dudhkoshi in the east, Trishuli in the west, Gosainkunda in the north and Chitlang in the south. The major settlements were presently Kirtipur, Thankot, Balkhu, Tistung, Palung, Sankhu, Manichud Changu etc.Vedic Civilization: Historians have mentioned that with the advancement of Vedic civilization, animal husbandry and agricultural civilization have developed in abundance.

‘Shiva Civilization’ ‘Shiva Pashupati’ including Taurus-Trishul, Deity Nagdevata, Ling Puja, Animal Worship etc. are the postmodern subjects of the civilization which according to the belief should be aimed at protecting their animals and guardians while worshiping Shiva in the form of Pashupati.

Vedic ‘Indus Civilization’ Hindi book, author Kiran Kumar Thapaliya, Sankata Prasad Shukla .The Gopala dynasty ruled from Matatirtha.Mahishpal dynasty: After Jitgop became childless, the power of Nepal came in the hands of Mahishpals.‘Gopalvanshavali’ shows that the Mahishapals ruled for 161 years and 2 months.

King Srivat Singh 49 years, King Sri Wat Singh 49 years, King Jai Singh 71 years and 2 months, King Tribhuvan Singh 41 years and 3 people ruled the state. Although Nepali historians say that he was of regional descent, he was a herdsman. Because, it is described in the Puranas that the Yaduvanshis are Chandravanshi regional.

Although Mahishpal Ahir looks different as a profession, they are basically Yaduvanshi, even now they are known as Gwala, Gop, Ahir, Gopalvanshi, Yaduvanshi etc. It is understood that the original place of Mahishapals is the Videha Republic.

Gopala Dynasty FAQs

Gopal dynasty ruled for how many years?

 The Kings of Gopala Bansha ruled over Nepal for 505 years.

What was the Capital city of Gopal Dynasty

Kathmandu Velly.

Who were the First and last king of Gopal Dynasty?

There were eight kings of this dynasty Bhuktaman was the first and Yaksha Gupta was the last king.

Who is the last king of the Gopal Dynasty?

Yaksha Gupta was the last king.

Read Also : Maveeran Alagumuthu Kone : Biography, War, Story Of Yadav Fighter


Must See

More in Biography