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The Ahir Regiment

Ahir Regiment Demand

In News 

  • An ongoing agitation by members of the Ahir community disrupted traffic on a 6-kilometre stretch of the Delhi-Gurgaon highway.
    • The protesters have been camping near Kherki Daula toll plaza in Gurgaon since February 4, demanding an Ahir Regiment in the Indian Army.

Genesis of the demand

  • The Ahirwal region, which includes the southern Haryana districts of Rewari, Mahendragarh, and Gurgaon, and is associated with Rao Tula Ram, the Ahir hero of the revolt of 1857, has traditionally contributed soldiers to the Indian Army in large numbers. 
  • The region has seen the loudest clamour for the creation of an Ahir Regiment, even though the demand has also been raised in other states with sizeable Ahir populations.
  • The community was brought into national limelight after the story of the bravery of the Ahir troops of Haryana in the Battle of Rezang La in 1962 was widely known. 
    • Most of the soldiers of C Company of the 13th Battalion of the Kumaon Regiment perished fighting the Chinese onslaught, but broke the enemy’s advance to Chushul.
  • Members of the community have long argued that the Ahirs deserve a full-fledged Infantry Regiment named after them, not just two battalions in the Kumaon Regiment and a fixed percentage in other regiments. 
  • The demand got a boost during the 50th anniversary of the 1962 War in 2012 when the saga of the Ahirs’ heroism was recounted repeatedly, and has received renewed traction in the 60th anniversary year. 

What is the history of the Ahirs in the Indian Army and Kumaon Regiment?

  • Ahirs are recruited in the Indian Army in various regiments including fixed class regiments (one or more castes in fixed numbers) like Kumaon, Jat, Rajput, and mixed class regiments (of all castes) like the Brigade of the Guards or The Parachute Regiment in the Infantry and various other regiments, and in Corps like Artillery, Engineers, Signals, and Army Service Corps.
  • Ahirs were initially recruited in sizable numbers in the 19 Hyderabad Regiment, which was the predecessor of the Kumaon Regiment. 
    • This regiment had earlier mainly recruited from Rajputs from Uttar Pradesh and Muslims from the Deccan plateau among other castes.
  • In 1902, the regiment’s links with the Nizam of Hyderabad were severed after Berar was converted into a permanent base for the British.
  •  In 1922, in another reorganisation of the Indian Army, the composition of the 19 Hyderabad Regiment was changed, and Deccan Muslims were removed from it.
  • In 1930, the class composition was changed again to one company each of Kumaonis, Jats, Ahirs, and Mixed Class.
  • On October 27, 1945, permission was given to change the name of the Regiment, and it became 19 Kumaon. 
    • Following Independence, it was named the Kumaon Regiment.
  • The 13th Battalion of the Kumaon Regiment, which gained fame in Rezang La, was the first battalion to be raised after Independence. 
    • It was raised in October 1948 with Kumaonis and Ahirs in equal proportions.
    •  In 1960, after the transfer of Ahirs from 2 Kumaon and 6 Kumaon, 13 Kumaon became the first pure Ahir battalion in the Kumaon Regiment.

Role of Ahirs in the Battle of Rezang La

  • The Ahirs of 13 Kumaon deployed at Rezang La in Eastern Ladakh resisted the Chinese attack on them until almost the entire company of 120 troops had been wiped out.
  • The battle was fought on November 18, 1962 at a height of 17,000 feet. 
  • The ill-equipped troops of the Charlie Company of 13 Kumaon under the command of Major Shaitan Singh fought ferociously against hundreds of attacking Chinese soldiers. 
  • Out of the 117 troops killed, 114 were Ahirs, and only three survived with serious injuries. 
    • The killed Ahir troops belonged to the Rewari-Mahendragarh belt of Haryana.
  • When the winter ended and the bodies of the dead soldiers were recovered, many were found holding on to their weapons in the trenches after their ammunition had run out. 
    • Major Shaitan Singh was awarded the nation’s highest gallantry award, Param Vir Chakra, posthumously, eight soldiers received the Vir Chakra, and several others were awarded the Sena Medal and Mentioned-in-Despatches.

Position taken by political parties on the demand for an Ahir Regiment

  • Over the past decade, support has come from parties across the spectrum, but especially from ones with a presence in Ahir areas of influence — in Haryana, UP, Bihar, and even Maharashtra.
  • In 2018, then Union Minister of State for Chemicals and Fertilisers Rao Inderjit Singh had written to then Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman asking her to consider the demand for an Ahir Regiment.
  • On March 15, Congress MP Deepender Hooda told Rajya Sabha: “History of Yaduvanshi bravery does not need to be proven to anyone. 
  • The Ahirwal region of Haryana and Rajasthan have always been at the forefront of the defence of the nation…”
  •  Earlier on February 11 2022, Shyam Singh Yadav, BSP MP from Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, had raised the demand for an Ahir Regiment.
  • In Bihar, where the demand has been raised periodically, Raj Lakshmi Yadav, the daughter of Lalu Yadav and Rabri Devi, brought it up before the 2020 Assembly elections. The SP promised an Ahir Regiment in its manifesto ahead of the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.

The Ahir Regiment – IN NEWS | Drishti IAS English

Drishti IAS English brings to you a new programme – In News. This programme will be covering the important news of the day from UPSC exam point of view. In particular, the aim will be to cover the basic as well as more conceptual and analytical aspects of the news being covered in the video.

In today’s video, we shall analyze the issues with respect to the demand for creating an Ahir regiment in the Indian Army and the history of regiment system has also been discussed. We shall also talk about the challenges as well as the way forward for such demands.


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